When Will We Know the Election Results?

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Election Day is finally here in the United States. So naturally many of you are wondering: When will the world know the outcome?

Unfortunately, no one knows for sure. We know, we know, you’ve waited this long, and you’re just trying to decide whether to stay up all night or go to bed and hope there’s an answer in the morning. Or on Thursday. Or Friday at the latest.

We can’t make that choice for you, but we can give you some tools to help think through the night.

The first polls close on the East Coast at 7 p.m. local time, and the last don’t close until after 12 a.m. Eastern time.

Here’s a list of when every state’s polls close, which generally means if someone hasn’t voted, or isn’t in line to vote by then, they’ve run out of time.

States start reporting some of their results as soon as their polls close. But remember, they don’t report them all at once, so you might see skewed results when you’re scrolling through the news channels or staring at The New York Times results pages.

This year especially, things are going to be a little different.

Maggie Astor, a politics reporter for The Times, explored the history of ballot counting here, amid President Trump’s recent ahistorical claim that the election “should end on November 3rd., not weeks later.”

In reality, Ms. Astor wrote, no state ever reports final results on election night, and no state is legally expected to.

Traditionally, news organizations have projected winners based on partial counts — more on that here.

This year, a big question surrounds whether enough states will have enough of their votes counted on election night for accurate projections. And depending on which states those are, we may not know immediately which candidate has actually reached the 270 votes in the Electoral College to have won the presidency. (More about the Electoral College here.)

Here’s everything you want to know about when the ballots will be counted in different states.

It’s complicated. The Daily podcast this week outlined three of the potential scenarios, though there are many more that could make election night, and the days that follow, more complicated.

“We’ve never had an election like this before,” Alex Burns, a national political correspondent, told the host, Michael Barbaro. “It’s possible that we will have these expectations and they will be totally shattered by what actually happens on election night. It’s possible the counting could be much faster, it’s possible it could be much slower.”

Those three scenarios Mr. Burns and Mr. Barbaro describe:

  • Joseph R. Biden Jr. scores a significant win in one of the East Coast states that is expected to count its votes the fastest. If Mr. Biden wins Florida, for example, that’s a sign that Mr. Trump’s path to victory may be difficult. “There are not a lot of Republicans who believe that the president can win this race without Florida,” Mr. Burns said.

  • President Trump holds on in all of those early major East Coast states. That signals a close race, which means all eyes turn toward the Midwest.

  • The third is what Mr. Burns calls the “It’s a giant mess and we just don’t know anything” scenario. He describes drawn-out uncertainty: “This is Florida 2000 in several states at once.” In that case, final calls in several key states would rest on the counting of mail-in ballots, which could take days.

You’ve probably got some time to kill right now, so why not go listen to the episode? Or check out the Election Distractor.